English French

English French

Piracy in the Caribbean began when Europeans, mainly English, French and Dutch, and the castaways were marooned on the small islands. These castaways set fires and roasted game meat locally to lure the ships on the coast for trade and then attack and seize ships. These buccaneers – the boucaner behalf of the French word meaning "smoked meat" – were later expelled by the colonial authorities were forced to earn life at sea. At this time – the sixteenth century – there are many merchant ships in the Caribbean waters with cargoes of gold, silver, gems and other valuables on the way of the Americas to Europe. Occasionally the pirates were commissioned by the European colonial powers and given legal sanction to attack merchant vessels of nations rivals. Protestant countries of Europe were at odds with Catholic Spain and France was Catholic but was now also attempting to expand their participation in the Americas, at the expense of Spain. From 1520 to the 1560 French corsairs fought the Spanish crown, the looting of its vast territories New World trade. They were joined later by Dutch and English privateers, especially in the English-Spanish War of 1585 to 1604. Compared with low wages and hard work of the life of a common sailor, becoming a pirate that has substantial benefits and a happy life and daring dash of holiday all including the Caribbean.

In the 1560s the Spanish had been forced to adopt a system of convoys to send the silver from the Americas to Europe. The Spanish fleet brought textiles and other manufactured goods from Europe to Veracruz in Mexico and sold them to local dealers and took over the production year of gold and silver mines of Real de Catorce. The annual treasure fleet was a tempting target for pirates, who usually preferred the dog of the fleet and laggards of attack instead of attempted assault in the main vessels well armed. Spain also had to build extensive fortifications and garrisons in their ports colonial man main Caribbean to address the increasing violence of their business competitors and privateers. The English established their first settlement in Barbados, and the French had Corsairs Resorts Bahamas vacation. The Thirty Years War (1618 – 1648) in Europe affected the political situation in the Caribbean, thus reducing Spanish influence and military control over the area and leading to the golden age of piracy.

In the 16th century, French buccaneers on the Spanish moved piracy of full-time in response to Spanish efforts to destroy and prey animals they hunted. They established their headquarters in the island of Tortuga and specialized in attacking the Spanish galleons returning to Spain from America. When England seized Jamaica to Spain in 1655, the city of Port Royal became the lair of a pirate and loot the place could be sold at no profit. With Spain on the eclipse, the traditional rivalry between France and England, soon became the alliance between French and English privateers in a war of piracy at sea. And when Port Royal was destroyed by an earthquake in 1692 ceased to be the main market for the plundering of the pirates. Nassau and the Bahamas become the new Caribbean pirate stations and instead of a Spanish treasure, the pirates looted freelance sugar, snuff, cocoa and dried fish sold in New England. Not only the reduction of plundering Spanish galleons to less profitable commodity, but also the coming of peace in Europe and the hostility of trade powers, which had previously supported led the Golden Age of piracy to an end. In the eighteenth century the European Community increased powers its naval forces in order to protect its merchant ships and hunting for pirates and in 1720 there were no longer play pirate ships in the Caribbean.

Today’s all inclusive Caribbean vacations fortunately are tamer and more luxurious than the Caribbean resorts frequented by pirates in the 1600’s. But the easy, romantic life of the pirates – as well as the scenes of the Golden Age of Piracy – can still be enjoyed at Caribbean vacation resorts.

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